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iTalk DME Kids #233 Lesson107

iTalk DME Kids #233
C先生
BOOK5 Lesson107

caught: the past of Catch
forbade: the past of Forbid

Did you catch a cold last year?
Yes, I caught a cold last year.
If you caught a cold what would you do?
If you caught a cold I would go to the doctors.
Did your parents forbid you to go to the cinema last year?
No, my parents didn't forbid me to go to the cinema last year.
If your mum forbade you to watch TV tonight what would you do?
If my mum forbade me to watch TV tonight, I would go to bed.

Seldom: めったに…しない (rarely) (反 often)
Do you think your parents must have a lot of money to be happy?
No, I don't think my parents must have a lot of money to be happy.


→ 「あなたの両親が幸せになるには、たくさんのお金が必要に違いない?」
と聞いてるのに、「たくさんのお金があれば幸せですか?」と勘違い… must を抜かして捉えてた。YES と答えたのだけど、まあ、絶対ありえない答えってわけではないから、先生は首を傾げながらも、そのままでしたf^_^;)


Do you think a panda would be unhappy, if you gave it some plants instead of a sandwich?
I don't think a panda would be unhappy, if I gave it some plants instead of a sandwich.
Why not?
Because pandas don't eat sandwiches, but they eat plants.
Would most people be very happy if cars worked by water and not by petrol?
Yes, most people would be very happy, if cars worked by water and not by petrol.
Because petrol is very expensive and water is cheap.
What kind of problems do you think make most people unhappy?
The problems that make most people unhappy are bad health, no money and no job.
Did you have any problems with your computer last year?
Yes, I had some problems with my computer last year.
Do people who have health problems go to the doctor's very seldom?
No, people who have health problems don't go to the doctor's very seldom, but they go to the doctor's very often.
Do you have any problems with getting up early in the morning?
Yes, I have some problems with getting up early in the morning.
Is it healthy to brush our teeth very seldom?
No, it isn't healthy to brush our teeth very seldom.
Do boys seldom wear shorts in summer?
No, boys don't wear shorts seldom in summer, but they wear them very often.
Do you seldom use a ruler at your maths classes?
No, I don't use a ruler seldom at my maths classes, but I use it often.

Fail: 失敗する, しくじる (反 succeed, pass).
fall: 落ちる (過去 fell )

What is an exam?
An exam is a test of a pupil's knowledge.
Did you fail your last English exam?
Yes, I failed my last English exam.
Would you be happy if you failed your next English exam?
No, I wouldn't be happy if I failed my next English exam, but I would be unhappy.
About how many exams do you generally take a year?
I generally take two exams a year.
Do we have to pass any exams if we want to get a driving license?
Yes, we have to pass some exams if we want to get a driving license.
*li‧cense, 英 li‧cence

Did you get a nervous before the exams you took last year?
Yes, I get a nervous before the exams I took last year.
Do you always succeed in getting the best marks at school?
No, I don't always succeed in getting the best marks at school,but sometimes I fail to get the best marks at school.
Do you ever succeed in drawing a completely straight line without the help of a ruler?
No, I don't usually succeed in drawing a completely straight line without the help of a ruler, but I fail.
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iTalk DME Kids #231-232 Lesson106

iTalk DME Kids #231-232
Ca先生
BOOK5 Lesson106

昨日習った事を使ってみよう!と思って、
今日は高校時代の友人に会うんです!と言って見ました。

I will meet my highschool classmates

そしたら、reunion party? と聞かれて ?????
reunion の意味がわからず・・・
いろいろ説明してもらっても、うまく聞き取れないでいたら、
チャットに書いてくれました。

reunion = A party of former associates who have come together again

former の意味がわからなかったけど
それ以外の単語から、なんとなく同窓会かな?と推測して答えられました。

reunion party じゃないです。
友達1人だけと会うんです。

former :以前の
associates : 仲間
再び集まった以前の仲間たちのパーティ = 同窓会

同じ出来事でも、人によっては全然違う質問が来るのは当たり前ですけど、
自分が想定していなかった質問が飛んでくると焦りますね~。
でも、出来るだけ教えてもらった表現を使って、自分のものにしていかないとですね!

----
今日のレッスン
☆Lesson106
Sledge: 名詞:荷物用そり / 自動詞:そりで行く, そり滑りをする / 他動詞:〈…を〉そりで運ぶ
Shine: (光を出して)光る, 輝く, 照る
What kind of object does Santa Claus use to travel over ice and snow?
Santa Claus uses a sledge to travel over ice and snow.
Do some people use horses to pull their sledge in winter?
Yes, some people use horses to pull their sledge in winter.
Are there any people in Europe who get to work by sledge?
I don't think there are people in Europe who get to work by sledge.
What do we generally wear when the sun shines in our eyes?
When the sun shines in our eyes, we generally wear sunglasses.
Would your dad shine his shoes if he wore a suit?
Yes, if my dad wore a suit, he would shine his shoes.
Do you enjoy sledging?
Yes, I enjoy sledging.
Did you sledge last winter?
No, I didn't sledge last winter.

Wheel: (車の)車輪, (自動車の)ハンドル
Runner: (競)走者; 出走馬; 競走馬. (そり・スケートなどの)滑走部, すべり.
Land: 陸, 陸地
Landing: 上陸, 〔航空〕 着陸
How many wheels are there on your bike?
There are two wheels on my bike.
How many wheels were there on the first bike you had?
There were three wheels on the first bike I had. It's "三輪車"!!!
Does a sledge move on wheels?
No, a sledge doesn't move on wheels, but it moves on runners.
Most planes have wheels for landing. What do planes that land on water have?
Planes that land on water have skis!

Midnight: 真夜中
Told: the past of tell
Do you remember the fairy tale in which midnight was very important?
Yes, I remember the fairy tale in which midnight was very important: the fairy tale about Cinderella.
Did you tell your classmates about your summer holidays last September?
No, I didn't tell my classmates about my summer holidays last September.
Did your friends tell you any new jokes last week?
No, my friends didn't tell me any jokes last week.
If I told you I was a pop star, would you believe me?
No, if you told me you were a pop star, I wouldn't believe you.
If I told you to go outside the classroom, would you do it?
Yes, if you told me to go outside the classroom, I would do it.

Truth: 真理, 真
Lie: 自動詞:横たわる, 横になる / 名詞:うそ <=> truth
Should children always tell the truth to their parents?
Yes, children should always tell the truth to their parents.
Do you always tell the truth?
No, I don't always tell the truth, but sometimes I lie.
If you told your parents a lie, would they be angry?
Yes, if I told my parents a lie, they would be angry.
What was special about Pinocchio's nose?
When Pinocchio told somebody a lie, his nose grew longer.
Would you like to see other people's noses grow longer when they tell lies?
No, I wouldn't like to see other people's noses grow longer when they tell lies.
Of all the people you know, who would have the longest nose?
I don't know people who have the longest nose.
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iTalk DME Kids #230 Lesson105-106

iTalk DME Kids #230
C先生
BOOK5 Lesson105-106

Happy friday!!!
週末の予定を聞かれ・・・
高校時代の友達と会うと言いたかったのですが、、、クラスメイトという単語が出てこず。
クラスメイトなんて、もう日本語なのにね ^^;

What is your plan for your weekend?
I'll meet my friend.
She is highschool classmate.
I met her last summer.

今日はexerciseの中で知らない単語が登場。
いままでexerciseは、Lessonで登場した単語だけだったと思うのですが・・・。
いろいろ説明してもらって、ようやく理解出来て、よかった。先生もほっとしてた 苦笑

encyclopedia :
a book or set of books giving information about all areas of knowledge or about different areas of one particular subject,
百科事典!

-------
今日のレッスン
☆Lesson105
Broom: ほうき
Vacuum cleaner: 電気掃除機
Does the witch in the fairy tale ride on the vacuum cleaner?
No, the witch in the fairy tale doesn’t ride on the vacuum cleaner, but she ride on a magic broom.
If you had a magic broom, would you ride to school on it?
Yes, if I had a magic broom I would ride to school on it.
Did witches use their brooms for cleaning?
No, witches didn’t use their brooms for cleaning, but they used them for riding.

Sweep: 掃除する, 掃く
Vacuum: 〔+目(+out)〕〈…を〉電気掃除機で掃除する
What do we use a broom for?
We use a broom for sweeping floors.
Is a vacuum cleaner too heavy for you to lift?
No, a vacuum cleaner isn’t too heavy for me to lift.
Who vacuums the carpets and floors in your house?
I vacuum the carpets and floors in my house.
Do you know how much an average vacuum cleaner costs?
No, I don’t know how much an average vacuum cleaner costs.
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iTalk DME Kids #229 Lesson105

iTalk DME Kids #229
J4先生
BOOK5 Lesson105

Stick には、名詞の意味以外に動詞の意味があるそうです!

What do we generally use to stick two peaces of paper together?

↑という質問で、どうしても意味が取れなかったので、
stick って名詞じゃないんですか?と聞いたら、
くっつけるという動詞なのよーと教えてもらって知りました。
glue も、接着剤以外に、接着剤でつけるという意味があるそうな。

スティックなんて、日本語になってるから、まさかそれが動詞になるなんてびっくりでしたー。

そして、今日は魔女とふたりの子供の童話の話が出てきました。
子供の名前を聞いてもわからなかったけど・・・
お菓子のお家が出てくるって事は、ヘンゼルとグレーテルの話かしら?
DME のテキストは Poland で印刷されてるから、
時々読めない人の名前が登場するんですよね~。

--------
☆Lesson105
Especially: 特に, とりわけ; 特別に
Stick: 【名詞】棒状のもの 【他動詞】〔…に〕刺す, 突き刺す, (接着剤などで)はり付ける; はる, くっつける
Glue: 【名詞】接着剤 【他動詞】〔+目(+together)〕〈…を〉[接着剤]でつける
What sticks always necessary when we play the drum?
No, sticks aren't always necessary when we play the drum, because we can play the drum with our hands, too.
What do we generally use to stick two peaces of paper together?
We generally use glue to stick two peaces of paper together.
When a plate breaks, does your mum ever glue it back together?
No, when a plate breaks, my mum never glues it back together.
What must we stick on an envelope in order to send a letter?
We must stick a stamp on the envelope in order to send a letter.
What sometimes happens when a bubble gum bubble pops?
When a bubble gum bubble pops, the gum sometimes sticks to the person's nose or face.

Ugly: 醜い, 見苦しい, 醜悪
Witch: 魔女, 女魔法使い
Were witches in fairy tales generally beautiful women?
No, witches in fairy tales weren't generally beautiful women, but they were ugly.
Did witches live in big cities?
No, witches didn't live in big cities, but they lived in small villages.
Did you know that witches made medicine from different plants?
Yes, I knew that witches made medicine from different plants.
Is it possible to meet a witch in the street?
No, it isn't possible to meet a witch in the street, because witches live only in fairy tales.
Do you know the famous fairy tale about a witch and two children?
No, I don't know the famous fairy tale about a witch and two children.
What were the children's names?
The children's names were jas and malgosia.
What was the house, where the witch kept the children, made of?
The house, where the witch kept the children, was made of sweets.
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iTalk DME Kids #228 Lesson104-105

iTalk DME Kids #228
C先生
BOOK5 Lesson104-105

今日は How are you!? の挨拶もそこそこに、
ダメダメだった前回の文法を質問。
ぐだぐだになっちゃったけど、意味は通じたみたい!

I didn't understand well last lesson part.
May I ask you a question?

「If I were is more common than If I was.」

ってテキストに書いてあるけど、"If I was" を使うのは間違いなの?

「It's correct, but not common. 」

↑録音してないので正確ではないけど、たぶんこんな感じでした。
「間違っていないけど、一般的じゃない」って事かな。

昨日は時間がなくて質問出来なかったので、ちゃんと質問できてよかった!

-----
今日のレッスン
☆Lesson104
If you forgot one of your school notebooks, would you go back home to fetch it?
Yes, if I forgot one of my school notebooks, I'd go back home to fetch it.
If you had a car, would you sometimes fetch your mum from work?
Yes, if I had a car, I would sometimes fetch my mum from work.
If you were a farmer, would you keep ducks?
Yes, if I were a farmer, I would keep ducks.
If you lived in Scotland, would you be able to speak English very well?
Yes, if I lived in Scotland, I would be able to speak English very well.
If your dad was a policeman, would he wear a uniform?
Yes, if my dad was a policeman, he would wear a uniform.
Would you go to the cinema, if your mum let you go out in the evening?
Yes, I would go to the cinema, if my mum let me go out in the evening.
Would you buy a motorbike, if it was cheap enough for you to buy?
Yes, I would buy a motorbike, if it was cheap enough for me to buy.
If you were a farmer, which vegetables would you grow?
If I were a farmer, I would grow tomatoes, potatoes and onions.
What would you do if you saw an accident on the road?
If I saw an accident on the road, I would call for help.

☆Lesson105
Lollipop: 棒の先につけたキャンディー, ロリポップ, ぺろぺろキャンディー
Chopstick: [通例複数形で] はし(箸)
What do we call a hard sweet on a stick?
A hard sweet on a stick we call a lollipop.
Is a lollipop your favorite sweet?
No, a lollipop isn't my favorite sweet.
Would you eat lollipops if you were a sheep?
No, if I were a sheep, I wouldn't eat lollipops, but I would eat grass.
Are all lollipop sticks made of wood?
No, not all lollipop sticks are made of wood, but some are made of wood and some are made of plastic.
What are chopsticks?
Chopsticks are sticks we use for eating.
Must we eat with chopsticks when we go to a Chinese restaurant?
No, we don't have to eat with chopsticks when we go to a Chinese restaurant, but we can eat with a fork.
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iTalk DME Kids #227 Lesson104

iTalk DME Kids #227
C先生
BOOK5 Lesson104

またもや寝坊!!!
I overslept!!!
I will go to work after this lesson.
I haven't put make up yet.

眉も引かずにノーメイクで臨んでしまいました・・・先生ごめんね ^^;
メイクしてないって事を言ったら、気にしないで~といいながら、センテンスを直してくれました。

さて、今日のレッスン・・・・もうさっぱりでした。
"I were" を使う文法なんて知りませんでした!
習った?習ったの?ホントに記憶にございません(>_<)
何度も言い換えながら説明してくれたのですが、結局最後まであいまいなまま・・・。
帰宅してから調べました!
よくわかってない時、もっとちゃんと質問出来るように頑張らないとなぁ。

☆DME Kids テキストより☆

We use the Second conditional for unreal situations in the present and future, for example:

If I had a magic carpet, it would take me five minutes to get here.
If I didn't have a motorbike, I wouldn't go to Italy.

We also use it to give advice, for example:

If I were you, I would remain calm.
If I were you, I would go to the dentist's.

If I were is more common than If I was.



☆Forest より☆

■仮定法過去「もし~なら、・・・だろうに」
(1)If he were ready, we would go.
彼の準備が出来ていれば、出かけるのになぁ

現在の事実と違うと思っている事柄を表す
過去形で今のことを表している。

(2)If I had enough time and money, I would travel around the world.
もし十分な時間とお金があれば、世界中を旅行するのになぁ

現実に起こる可能性のない事を表す

※ポイント1
(1)では主語が he だけど、if節(条件節)に were が使われている。
仮定法では、主語の人称や数に関係なく、be動詞に were を使うことができる

※ポイント2
口語では was も使われる
主語が1人称単数および3人称単数の場合 was 使われる。
If I was[were] young again, I would go abroad.





------
今日のレッスン
Second conditional: 第2(番目)の
Conditional : 条件付きの, 暫定的な, 仮定的な
Fetch: 〈ものを〉取って[取りに]くる, 〈人を〉呼んで[呼びに]くる
Cobweb: クモの巣
Preserve : 〈性質・状態を〉維持する, 保つ

Would you have to fight with a sword if you were a knight?
Yes, I'd have to fight with a sword if I were a knight.
If you were a spider, would you be able to climb a cobweb?
Yes, if I were a spider I would be able to climb a cobweb.
If your friend was allergic to chocolate, would he eat a lot of it?
No, if my friend was allergic to chocolate he wouldn't eat a lot of it.
If an elephant wanted to go through the door of your bedroom, would it be able to?
If an elephant wanted to go through the door of my bedroom, it wouldn't be able to.
If you were a millionaire, would you be able to buy a very expensive painting?
Yes, if I were a millionaire I would be able to buy a very expensive painting.
If you didn't have a freezer, would you be able to preserve meat?
No, if I didn't have a freezer I wouldn't be able to preserve meat.
Would you be afraid if you were a passenger of a balloon?
No, I wouldn't be afraid if I were a passenger of a balloon.
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iTalk DME Kids #225-226 Lesson102-103

iTalk DME Kids #225-226
C先生
BOOK5 Lesson102-103

iTalk のお知らせによると、今日はセブ島でフェスティバルがあるとの事。
フィリピンを祝うためのもっとも大きなフェスティバルで、シノログフェスティバルというそうです。

レッスン終わったらフェスティバルに行くの?
Do you go to the festival after your lesson?

と聞いてみると、もちろん!of course!と言ってました。
そして、前夜祭?があるのかな、昨日教会に行ったけど、手を上げることも出来ない、すごくゆっくりしか歩けないほどの人ごみよ!と教えてくれました。
ドラムをたたいたり、ダンスをしたり etc... とても賑やかなお祭りみたいです。
いつか行ってみたいなぁ。

Have fun!!! 楽しんできてね!!!
↑間違って Let's enjoy! って言っちゃってた。。。一緒に楽しむ時のセリフよね ^^;

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今日のレッスン
Somewhere:
[名詞的に; 前置詞・他動詞の目的語に用いて] どこか,ある所
用例: He needed somewhere to stay. 彼にはどこか泊まる場所が必要だった.
Anywhere:
[否定文に用いて] どこへも(…ない), どこにも(…ない)
[疑問文・条件節に用いて]どこかに[へ]
Nowhere: どこにも…ない
Give back: 〈…を〉〈持ち主に〉返す, 戻す; 〈…を〉〔持ち主に〕返す, 戻す

Did you go anywhere last summer?
Yes, I went somewhere last summer.
Is there a restaurant anywhere around here?
Yes, there is a restaurant somewhere around here.
Is it possible to see dolphins anywhere in the world?
Yes, it's possible to see dolphins somewhere in the world.
Can we buy medicine anywhere in this town?
Yes, we can buy medicine somewhere in this town.
Do you think there is anywhere in the world where people don't need a driving license to drive a car?
No, I don't think there is anywhere in the world where people don't need a driving license to drive a car.
Where are the pyramids in England?
Nowhere, there are no pyramids in England.
Where in the world can we borrow books from a library and don't have to give them back?
There is nowhere in the world where we can borrow books from the library and don't have to give them back.
Where in the world is bread so expensive that nobody is able to buy it?
There is nowhere in the world where bread is so expensive that nobody is able to buy it.

Carpet: じゅうたん
Magic: 魔法
What do we use a carpet for?
We use a carpet for covering the floor.
Is there a carpet in your kitchen?
Yes, there is a carpet in my kitchen.
What's a magic carpet?
A magic carpet is a carpet that can fly in the air.
Is there anywhere in this town where I can buy a magic carpet?
No, there isn't anywhere in this town you can buy a magic carpet.
Would you like to have a magic carpet?
Yes, I'd like to have a magic carpet.

Middle: 真ん中の, 中央の
Corner: 隅, 角, 曲がり角
Air: 名詞:空気, 外気, 空, 空中/ 動詞:〈部屋などに〉風を通す
→ to air, to ventilate, to expose so that air can dry, cool or freshen
Ventilate: 〈部屋・建物・坑内などに〉空気[風]を通す, 〈部屋などの〉通風をよくする, 〈部屋などを〉換気する
Expose: 〈…を〉〔日光・風雨などに〕さらす
Freshen: 〈…を〉新鮮[清新]にする

Do we usually put a carpet in a corner of the room?
No, we don't usually put a carpet in a corner of the room, but we put it in the middle of the room.
Do you ever wake up in the middle of the night?
Yes, I sometimes wake up in the middle of the night.
What is there in the middle of your bedroom?
There is a bed in the middle of my bedroom.
Do you ever leave the cinema in the middle of the film?
No, I never leave the cinema in the middle of the film.
Do many people in America travel by air?
I think that many people in America travel by air.
Do you ever leave your windows open at night to let the room air?
No, I never leave my windows open at night to let the room air.
Leave: 〔+目的語+補語〕〈人・ものを〉〈…の状態に〉しておく
用例:You have left the door open. 君はドアをあけっぱなしにした

Do you think it's healthy to air the bedroom before sleeping?
Yes, I think it's healthy to air the bedroom before sleeping.
Do you always sleep well at night?
No, I don't always sleep well at night.
Do you think it's possible to sleep well without a comfortable bed?
No, I don't think it's possible to sleep well without a comfortable bed.
Does you family ever sleep until late in the morning at the weekends?
Yes, my family sometimes sleeps until late in the morning at the weekends.
Is there a shop on the corner of this building?
Yes, there is a shop on the corner of this building.
Was there a television in the corner of your living room a week ago?
Yes, there was a television in the corner of my living room a week ago.
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iTalk DME Kids #223-224 Lesson101-102

iTalk DME Kids #223-224
S先生
BOOK5 Lesson101-102

約1ヶ月ぶりのS先生。
2コマ連続レッスンだったけど、
テキストのセンテンスに絡めて、ちょくちょく別の質問を挟んできたり
文法の説明をしてくれて、例題を出されたり、
とにかく、汗かくレッスンでしたけど、
Relax,Relax! って励まされながら、何とか頑張りました ^^;

フリートークでは、朝のトラブルの話。
朝ごはんでヨーグルトを食べようとしたら、こぼしちゃったんです ^^;

Spill : こぼす
I've been very busy this week, so I am just relaxing today.
But this morning, I had a small trouble.
I spilled yogurt on the floor.
I was hard to clean it.

☆冠詞の話
If there is no noun after an adjective, never use "a".
× She was an intelligent.
○ She was intelligent
○ She was an intelligent girl.

冠詞は名詞 (noun) に付くので、形容詞 (adjective) だけの時は付かないんですね。

you were younger.
you were a little child.


DME でよく登場するセンテンス。
なぜ "a" があるのかないのかちゃんと理解してなかったんです・・・。
いまさらですが、ようやく理解できました。


今日はこんなセンテンスがありました。
Is there a war between some countries these days?
Yes, there is a war between some countries these days.


そしたら、絡めてこんな質問が追加で!
Which countries are in war these days?

えええっ、戦争してる国があるってことは知ってるけど・・・国名言えない(>_<)
I don't know which countries are in war these days.

そしたら、Homework: research!!! にされました(^_^;)
戦争してる国名は出てこないけど、アルジェリアでは、いままさにテロが発生中ですね。
英語を勉強するという事は、ちゃんと世の中の情勢にもアンテナを張って、自分の意見を言えるようにならないといけないですね・・・。

-----
今日のレッスン
Crime: 犯罪
What do we call an action against the law?
An action against the law we call a crime.
Did you read any stories at school last year?
Yes, I read some stories at school last year.
Do you remember what the last story you read was about?
Yes, I remember what the last story I read was about.
Which does your mum like: reading crime stories or love stories?
I think my mum likes reading crime stories.
Do you read war stories at school?
Yes, we read war stories at school.
Were there any war films on TV last year?
Yes, there were some war films on TV last year.
Is there a war between some countries these days?
Yes, there is a war between some countries these days.


Fairy tale: おとぎ話, 童話
Unreal: 想像上の, 架空の, 非現実的な.
What are a fairy tales?
Fairy tales are stories about different unreal creatures.
Did you enjoy reading fairy tales when you were younger?
Yes, I enjoyed reading fairy tales when I was younger.
How many fairy tale creatures do you know?
I know a lot of fairy tale creatures, for example Snow white, Cinderella.

Dwarf: 小びと
Beard: あごひげ
Did snow white in the fairy tale live alone?
No, snow white didn't live alone, but she lived with some dwarfs.
What did a dwarf in the fairy tale look like?
A dwarf in the fairy tale was short. He had a white beard, red shoes and a red cap.
Do you remember how many dwarfs there were in the fairy tale about snow white?
There were seven dwarfs in the fairy tale about snow white.
Does Santa Claus come to us at Easter?
No, Santa Claus doesn't come to us at Easter, but he comes to us at Christmas.
What does Santa Claus look like?
Santa Claus is tall and fat. He's got a red coat, black shoes and red cap, a long white beard.

Wooden: 木製の
Puppet: 操り人形, 指人形
Did you play with glove puppet when you were a little child?
Yes, I played with glove puppet when I was a little child.
Do you know a fairy tale about a wooden puppet?
Yes, I know a fairy tale about a wooden puppet.
What was the puppet's name?
The puppet's name was Pinocchio.
Did he have a beard?
No, he didn't have a beard.
Does your dad have a beard?
No, my dad doesn't have a beard.
Does your mum use wooden spoon while cooking?
Yes, my mum uses wooden spoon while cooking.
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iTalk DME Kids #222 Lesson101

iTalk DME Kids #222
C先生
BOOK5 Lesson101

最近人気で予約が取りにくい癒しのC先生。穏やかな話し方で、英語も聞き取りやすく、やり直しもしっかりさせてくれる素敵な先生です。

レッスン始めに前回レビューをするかどうか聞いてくれるので、どのパートからか指定してスタートします。
iTalk DME Kids の前回レビュー有無は先生に委ねられているようなので、何回か自分でリクエストしたら、聞いてくれるようになったのです。
始めの頃はうまくリクエストが伝わらなくて四苦八苦したけど、諦めなくてよかった。せっかくのレッスン、難しいけど自分の要望をちゃんと伝えないとね!

フリートークでは、今日は同僚と新年会に行く話をしましたよ。新年会にしては遅くない?と聞かれたので、みんな忙しいから~と答えました。

I'm going to dinner with my co-workers.
It's New Year's party.
All of my co-workers are busy.

そんなこんなで、今日は Lesson101の復習からのエクササイズ。復習はそんなにかからなかったけど、今回のエクササイズは難しかった>_< だいぶ時間オーバーしてエクササイズを終えたので、新しいパートは進みませんでした。でも、エクササイズで間違えまくったおかげで?わからないとこをいくつか質問できたよ!汗かいたけど^_^;
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iTalk DME Kids #221 Lesson101

iTalk DME Kids #221
J4先生
BOOK5 Lesson101

I'm still sleepy... な状態でしたが、
先生もちょっと眠そうでした ^^;
めがねが反射してよく見えなかったけど、目をつぶっているように思えたのよね。
私が答えると、一拍おいて回答。
でも間違えたところもちゃんと指摘してくれるから、目をつぶって聞いているのかな?
あ、でも、いつもに比べて again! の回数が多めで、それはよかった!

Taught: the past of Teach
Government: 政府, 内閣
Law: 法, 法律

What time will you finish your homework tonight?
I think I'll finish my homework at 9 tonight.
What time did your lessons finish yesterday?
My lessons finished at 8 a.m. yesterday.
Do your parents ever let you watch TV until late at night?
No, my parents never let me watch TV until late at night.
Shall we stay in the classroom until at 9 o'clock this evening?
No, we won't stay in the classroom until at 9 o'clock this evening.
Do all shops stay open until 9 o'clock?
No, not all shops stay open until 9 o'clock.
Did your parents stay at a hotel last year?
Yes, my parents stayed at a hotel last year.
Did you stay at your grandparents last summer holidays?
No, I didn't stay at my grandparents last summer holidays.
Does the teacher usually ask you questions until the lesson finishes?
Yes, the teacher usually asks me questions until the lesson finishes.
Did the same teacher teach you both English and Math last year?
No, not the same teacher taught me both English and Math last year.
Do you know the name of the teacher who taught you English last lesson?
Yes, I know the name of the teacher who taught me English last lesson.

What do we call a grope of people who control a country?
The grope of people who control a country we call a Government.
Does the Government usually make the laws of a country?
Yes, the Government usually makes the laws of a country.
Do the people who work for the Government usually travel by train?
No, the people who work for the Government don't travel by train, but they usually travel by cars, planes, etc.
Would you like to work for the Government in the future?
No, I wouldn't like to work for the Government in the future.
Would you like to study law?
No, I wouldn't like to study law.
Do your parents have control over you?
No, my parents don't have control over me.
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iTalk DME Kids #220 Lesson100-101

iTalk DME Kids #220
M先生
BOOK5 Lesson100-101

久しぶりのM先生。
いつも午後からOPENしてる先生なので、ほとんど取れないんですよね~。
なぜか朝からOPENしてたので、すかさず予約。
最近、朝のお気に入り先生が軒並み予約が取れず、争奪戦が激しいです。


*Lesson100
Were there any bridges made of steel a thousand years ago?
No, there weren't any bridges made of steel a thousand years ago.
What's an average kettle made of?
An average kettle is made of steel.
Is there a light hanging over the table in your kitchen?
Yes, there is a light hanging over the table in my kitchen.
Would you be able to jump over a very high Christmas tree?
No, I wouldn't be able to jump over a very high Christmas tree.
Was the Titanic one of the smallest ships in the world?
No, the Titanic wasn't one of the smallest ships in the world, but it was one of the largest ships in the world.

*Lesson101
What time does your English lesson begin?
My English lesson begins at 8 o'clock.
What time did your last English lesson begin?
My last English lesson began at twelve P.M.
At what age do most children begin school?
Most children begin school at the age of six.
At what age did your mum begin school?
My mum began school at the age of six.
When did last season begin?
Last season began in September.
Do you think it's a good idea to begin to work at the age of twelve?
No, I don't think it's a good idea to begin to work at the age of twelve.
Is an average child at the age of three able to play hide-and-seek?
No, an average child at the age of three isn't able to play hide-and-seek.
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iTalk DME Kids #218-219 Lesson100

iTalk DME Kids #218-219
E先生
BOOK5 Lesson100

What is plan for today?
I won't go out today, but I'll watch TV and study English!!!
Because it's rainy today.
It isn't snowing?
No, it isn't snowing in my town, but next city is snowing.

今日は雨だから外出せずに勉強するーといったら、Great! ですって (*^。^*)
それと、他の生徒は雪って言ってたよー、横浜って知ってる?といってました。
E先生はあまりチャットボックスは使ってくれないので、言い直してもらったセンテンスを覚えていられないのですが、一番スモールトークが盛り上がります。


---------
Push: 〈…を〉押す
Swing: 揺れ動く, ぶらぶら揺れる/ ぶらんこをする, ぶらんこに乗る.
Pram: 《英国》 うば車 (《米国》 baby carriage , buggy)
Is there a swing in the playground near your house?
Yes, there is a swing in the playground near my house.
Did you ride on a swing a lot when you were a little child?
Yes, I rode on a swing a lot when I was a little child.
Who generally gave you a push when you rode on a swing as a little child?
As a child : 子供のころに
My mum generally gave me a push when I rode on a swing as a little child.
Do you often ride on a swing nowadays?
No, I don't often ride on a swing nowadays.
Is a toy car light enough for you to push?
Yes, a toy car is light enough for me to push.
Is a lorry light enough for your dad to push?
No, a lorry isn't light enough for my dad to push, but it's too heavy for him to push.
Is it polite to push somebody standing in the corridor?
Corridor: 廊下
No, it isn't polite to push somebody standing in the corridor, but it's impolite.
Do you know which of your parents pushed your pram more often your mum or your dad?
Yes, I know which parent pushed my pram more often, it was my mum.
Did you have doll's pram when you were a little child?
No, I didn't have doll's pram when I was a little child.

Button: ボタン
Pull: 引く
Turn on: 栓をひねって〈水・ガス(など)を〉出す; 〈明かりを〉つける; 〈ラジオ・テレビを〉つける
Do you have to push this door to go out of your room?
No, I don't have to push this door to go out of my room, but I have to pull it.
Do we have to pull the button when we want to turn the TV on?
No, we don't have to pull the button when we want to turn the TV on, but we have to push it.
Which do you think is more comfortable: to push or to pull very heavy furniture?
I think it's more comfortable to push very heavy furniture.

Comfortable: (肉体的に苦痛を与えない)快適な, 気持ちのよい
Furniture: 家具
Fabric: 布, 織物
ファニチャーとファブリックを勘違いして覚えていました。。。
重い布って何さ・・・と ^^;
重い家具は押すのと引くのとどちらが楽だと思う?と聞いていたのですね。


What must we do when we want to turn the radio on?
If we want to turn the radio on we must push the button.
Did anyone pull your hair last lesson?
No, no one pulled my hair last lesson.
When someone pulls your hair, what do you do?
When someone pulls my hair, I say them don't pull.

Bridge: 橋
Across: …を横切って, …を渡って
Steel: 鋼
What's the best way to go across the ocean?
The best way to go across the ocean is either by ship or by plane.
How do we generally get across a river?
We generally get across a river over a bridge.
What another way of getting across a river besides going over a bridge?
Another way of getting across a river besides going over a bridge is by boat.
Do you think it's a good idea to jump into a river which we don't know well?
No, I don't think it's a good idea to jump into a river which we don't know well.
Why not?
It's may be very dangerous.
Do you go across any bridges on your way to your office?
Yes, I go across two bridges on my way to my office.
What are bridges generally made of?
Bridges are generally made of steel or wood.

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iTalk DME Kids #216-217 Lesson99

iTalk DME Kids #216-217
C先生
BOOK5 Lesson99

What did you do yesterday?
I went to go shopping!
What is plan for today?
Well, I will go shopping today after this lesson.
You love shopping, right?

昨日も今日も予定は買い物・・・。
といっても、昨日は表参道の雑貨屋さんに用事があって買い物に行き、今日は近場で日用品の買い物。
Shopping といっても、用途が違うのですが、うまく説明できませんでした。

-・-・-・-・
今日のレッスンは、リクエストして Lesson98 からスタートしてもらいました。
なんと言っても、昨日のレッスンはダメダメだったので。

Lesson98 was difficult for me.
So, I want to review this part in today's lesson.

このパートは2回目のレッスンで、昨夜復習もしてあったものの・・・やっぱり難しいなぁ。
まだまだスムーズに行かないです。やはり BOOK5 は、いきなりレベルがアップしている気がします。
って、BOOKが新しくなるたびに言っている気がするから、焦らず一歩一歩進めていくしかないんですよね。

------
Draw: (軽くなめらかに)引く, 〈ものを〉引っぱる, 牽引(けんいん)する
Drawing: (図案・絵画の)線描, 製図, (鉛筆・ペン・木炭などで描いた)図画, デッサン, 素描
What do we need in order to draw a picture?
We need a pencil or a pen in order to draw a picture.
Could you draw a giraffe when you were four years old?
Yes, I could draw a giraffe when I was four years old.
What did you like drawing most of all when you were a little child?
When I was a little child I liked drawing my parents most of all.
Will you able to draw well if you practice a lot?
No, I won't able to draw well if I practice a lot.
Must you be an artist in order to draw pictures?
No, I don't have to be an artist in order to draw pictures.
Are drawings generally expensive?
No, drawings aren't generally expensive, but some drawings are expensive and some drawings are not.
What does this depend on?
It depends on the artist. If the artist is famous, the drawings are expensive.

Were there any paintings in your house a year ago?
No, there weren't any paintings in my house a year ago.
Would you like to have a lot of paintings on the walls of your room?
No, I wouldn't like to have a lot of paintings on the walls of my room.
Would you like to study painting?
No, I wouldn't like to study painting.
Are you going to become a painter?
No, I'm not going to become a painter.
How much do you think a painter earns a month?
I think it depends on how well they paint.
Are all paintings expensive?
No, not all paintings are expensive, but some are expensive and some are cheap.

What do we use a ruler?
We use a ruler for drawing straight lines.
What can a ruler be made of?
A ruler can be made of wood or plastic.
Can we draw a completely straight line without the help of a ruler?
No, we can't draw a completely straight line without the help of a ruler.
Do you carry a ruler in your bag every day?
No, I don't carry a ruler in my bag every day.
Do you always need a ruler at your maths classes?
No, I don't always need a ruler at my maths classes.

Curly: 巻き毛の, カールする
College: 大学
Fair: 〈髪が〉金髪の, ブロンドの
Which do you prefer: straight or curly hair?
I prefer straight hair.
Do you know a pop star who has curly fair hair?
No, I don't know a pop star who has curly fair hair.
Do all dogs have curly tails?
No, not all dogs have curly tails, but some have curly tails and some have straight tails.
What about pigs?
All pigs have curly tails.
Are you going to go straight to bed after supper tonight?
No, I'm not going to go straight to bed after supper tonight.
Are you going to go straight to college from school?
Yes, I'm going to go straight to college from school.
Would you like to go to Art College in the future?
No, I wouldn't like to go to Are College in the future.
Are you going to watch ice hockey on TV tonight?
No, I'm not going to watch ice hockey on TV tonight.
Would you like to go to a circus tonight?
No, I wouldn't like to go to a circus tonight.
Do you think your parents will go to bed early tonight?
Yes, I think my parents will go to bed early tonight.
Will you have to take the garbage out tonight?
No, I won't have to take the garbage out tonight.
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iTalk DME Kids #214-215 Lesson97-99

iTalk DME Kids #214-125
C4先生
BOOK5 Lesson97-99

今日は予習ゼロでレッスンに挑んでしまい玉砕しました Orz
わからない単語が続出で・・・。
先生頑張って説明してくれたんですが、半分くらいしか理解出来ていなかったようです。

Traffic Jam : 交通渋滞
Jam : ジャム / 〈人が〉〈もの・人を〉〔狭い場所に〕(ぎっしり)詰め込む,無理に押し込む
Jar : 壜、つぼ

Traffic って、データ量とか、そういう意味で理解してました。
仕事で、Traffic が増えるとか、集中するとか、そういうやり取りを耳にすることがあったから。
でも、トラフィックとジャムで交通渋滞と覚えていなかったので、、、混乱。
ジャムは「strawberry jam」 っていうでしょ?と言われて、さらに混乱。

Jam には、食べ物のジャム以外にも、押し込むとか、そういう意味があるんですね!
知らなかった~~~ (>_<)

What do we mean by a traffic jam?
By a traffic jam we mean a lot of cars which can't move or move very slowly.

車が動かないのか、そうか、と思って、その意味は理解できたんだけど。
そういう意味があるって知らなくても、落ち着いて考えてみればイメージ出来そうなのに・・・。

焦ってしまって頭真っ白でした。
落ち着いて相手の言葉を聞けるようにならないと。

やっぱり予習は必須だわ。
でも、逆に、予習なしで挑むのもスパルタでいいのかしら。予習なし、復習強化。
DME の受講方法のエントリーあげたばかりだけど、やっぱり悩んじゃいます。

-----
今日のレッスン
Lesson98
Do we generally put honey in a tin?
No, we don't generally put honey in a tin, but we put it in a jar.
Are jars generally made of plastic?
No, jars aren't generally made of plastic, but they're made of grass.
What else do we keep in jars besides honey?
We keep jam in jars besides honey.
What's another meaning of the word jam?
Another meaning of the word jam is a situation on which there is a heavy traffic.
What do we mean by a traffic jam?
By a traffic jam we mean a lot of cars which can't move or move very slowly.
Why do you think there are so many traffic jams in large cities?
I think there are so many traffic jams in large cities, because there are many cars in the streets at the same time.
What's the best way to avoid traffic jams?
The best way to avoid traffic jams is to take a different street from others.
When was the last time you stood in a traffic jam?
The last time I stood in a traffic jam was yesterday.
Do most people enjoy traffic jams?
No, most people don't enjoy traffic jams, but they hate them.
When's the heaviest traffic in your town?
The heaviest traffic in my town is in the morning and in the evening.

Form: [他動詞] 形作る、形成する /[名詞] 形、形式
We sometimes form nouns from verbs by adding the letters -er to verbs, for example cook - cooker.
Give me some examples of nouns which we form from verbs by adding the letters -er.
Some examples of nouns which we form from verbs by adding the letters -er are: hunt - hunter, write - writer, play - player.
What do we call an object that we use for preserving food in very low temperature?
An object that we use for preserving food in very low temperature we call a freezer.
Does your mum keep any food in a freezer?
Yes, my mum keeps some food in a freezer.
What is a dishwasher?
A dishwasher is a machine that washes dishes.
Would you like to have a dishwasher at home?
Yes, I'd like to have a dishwasher at home.

Are you a quick reader?
Yes, I'm a quick reader.
How long does it take you to read a book of a hundred pages?
It takes me about one day to read a book of a hundred pages.
Do you think that an average driver is able to repair his own car?
No, I don't think that an average driver is able to repair his own car.
Were you able to use a tin opener a year ago?
Yes, I was able to use a tin opener a year ago.
What do we call a parson who makes a phone call?
We call a parson who makes a phone call a caller.
About how many pages does a newspaper contain?
A newspaper contains about 30 pages.
About how many text messages do you think an average parson sends a month?
I think an average parson sends about twenty text messages a month.
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iTalk DME Kids #213 Lesson97

iTalk DME Kids #213
C先生
BOOK5 Lesson97

前回の出来がよくなかったので、リクエストして Lesson97の最初のパートからはじめてもらいました。
iTalk DME KIDS では、先生によって、前回REVIEWからはじめる場合と、そうでない場合があります。
あ、そうそう、それと、ひとつのBOOKが終わってから、ALLREVIEWをするかどうかも生徒のリクエストによるものだそうです。DME ADULT は、EXAM と ALLREVIEW があるそうですけどね。

TIN:ブリキ缶 (米語:can)
canned=tinned : 缶詰類

CAN に "~できる" 以外の意味があるなんて知らなかった~。
TIN も知らなかったけど。

説明してもらったも意味がわからず、またまた GOOGLE 画像検索にお世話になりました^^;

Give me some examples of fruit that we put in tins?

缶の中に何を入れるか教えて?といわれて、

オレンジ、パイナップル、ピーチ ・・・といったら

フィリピンではオレンジは缶詰にしないわ。って、首を傾げていました。そうなのかな?


------
今日のレッスン
When was the last you ate in a restaurant?
The last time when I ate in a restaurant was yesterday.
Do you remember how much your meal cost?
My meal cost about 1000yen.
Did you meet your classmates at school yesterday?
No, I didn't meet my classmates at school yesterday.
Did you meet any of your cousins last summer?
Yes, I met some of my cousins last summer.
How much did the last ticket you bought cost?
The last ticket I bought cost about 160yen.
What kind of ticket was it?
It was a train ticket.
Have you got a computer?
Yes, I've got a computer.
How much did the most expensive computer game you saw cost?
The most expensive computer game I saw cost about 20,000yen.

Tin: ブリキ缶
Preserve: 保存する
Bean: 豆
Pear: 洋梨
Why do we put food in tins?
We put food in tins in order to preserve it.
What kind of food do we put in tins?
The kind of food we put in tins is fish, meat, fruit and vegetable.
Do we put all vegetables in tins?
No, we don't put all vegetables in tins, but some we do and some we don't.
Give me some examples of vegetables that we put in tins.
Some examples of vegetables that we put in tins are: tomatoes, beans, peas etc.
Give me some examples of fruit that we put in tins.
Some examples of fruit that we put in tins are: peaches, oranges and pineapples.
Which way of preserving food is better: putting it in tins or freezing it?
I think putting food in tins is better than freezing it.

What do we need in order to open a tin?
We need a tin opener in order to open a tin.
Do you think it's safe to open a tin with a knife?
No, I don't think it's safe to open a tin with a knife, but it's dangerous.
Why?
Because we can cut our finger.
Did you open any tins last month?
No, I didn't open any tins last month.
Which do you enjoy more: eating fresh pineapples or tinned pineapples?
I enjoy eating fresh pineapples more.
Why?
Because fresh pineapples taste better.
What about peaches?
I enjoy eating fresh peaches more than tinned peaches.
What do you enjoy most of all?
I enjoy eating sweets most of all.
Do you enjoy meeting people?
Yes, I enjoy meeting people.
Did your mum enjoy travelling when you were a little child?
Yes, my mum enjoyed travelling when I was a little child.
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DME KIDS 途中経過と勉強方法

DME KIDS も折り返し地点を過ぎて、内容も難しくなってきてますが、ここで途中経過の雑感を書いてみたいと思います。

単語力ゼロ、文法知識ゼロに近い私。
DME の前に、中学英語総復習の薄い練習問題を一通り解いたのがよかったと思ってます。
それでも、BOOK2後半あたりで、文法がわからない事が増えてきて、初めての文法書を買いました。
いまでも、予習復習で文法を調べることが多いです。
こんなの習った記憶なーいといいながらやってます。

いまは、DME KIDSをはじめて半年、BOOK5をスタートしたところです。
最初は、わからないことを質問することもできず、3~4ワードのセンテンスも覚えることができなくて質問を繰り返すことすら難しかったです。いまも質問はあまり出来ないけど ^_^;
最近は、簡単なセンテンスなら質問を記憶にとどめておくことが出来るかな?長いのは、まだまだダメですが。

ということで、亀の歩みではあるものの、DMEの効果は出てきているかなぁと感じていて、いまの勉強スタイルが一番かどうかわからないけど、ひとまずこのまま続けてみようと思ってます。
今年は、レッスン前のフリートークが楽しいと感じられるくらいまで行きたいなぁ(*^。^*)

~~~いまの勉強スタイルはこんな感じ~~~
☆予習
DMEを提供しているスクールの紹介ページには、予習必須とは書いてませんが、おそらく BOOK2 になるくらいから、簡単な予習を始めたと思います。

まず、わからない単語を調べます。
当初、わからない単語を質問することも出来なかったから。
ジェスチャーで伝える事ができたとしても、その説明が、さらにわからない事が多くて・・・それもまた質問できないのです。
わからない単語が名詞だと、Google画像検索で見せて教えてもらうことが多いけど、動詞や形容詞は、説明を理解するには、まだまだそのための単語力や文法力が足りません。


あと、予習で音読をします。
上から順に、自分的効果の高い方法です。

1.音声にあわせて音読1回
※いまは、テキストを見ながらやってます。
テキストを見れないときは、シャドーイングを数回。

2.音読1~2回
※音声なし

3.黙読1回

シャドーイングが一番時間が必要だけど、やはり一番効果があるようで、レッスンがスムーズな気がします。シャドーイングだと、英語のリズムが入るからかなぁと。
とはいえ、音読予習は、あまり出来ていないのが現実・・・(2)が一番多いかな。
暗記してしまうと、レッスンで質問を聞かなくなっちゃうから、暗記してはいないです。簡単なのは覚えちゃいますけどね。

☆復習
レッスン後、出来るだけ当日中に、ディクテーションをします。
さらに、シャドーイングか音読を1~2回。
レッスン中につっかえたところは
重点的に。これで苦手なセンテンスを潰しながら覚えていきます。

テキストが一冊終わるごとに、最初のページに戻ってレビュー(2回目のレッスン)をするので、その時は、予習でシャドーイングをして、出来るだけ暗記するようにしてます。
~~~~~~~~

なんだかまとまりのない文章ですが・・・最後までお読みくださってありあとうございます。
DMEをされてる方で、よい勉強方法があったらコメントいただけると嬉しいです。
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DIRECT Method For English (DME) Kids レッスン記録はこちら

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iTalk DME Kids #212 Lesson97

iTalk DME Kids #212
J2先生
BOOK5 Lesson97

いつもギリギリで生きてますが・・・今日はホントにギリでした!
1分前に PC 前に着席。
そんな朝の SMALL TALK は・・・寝坊した!です。

I got up lete today.
I got up 15 minutes ago.

そしたら、何時に寝たの?寝坊したの?

what time did you go to bet last night?
overslept?

昨日はいろいろやってたら遅くなっちゃって、3時過ぎ就寝・・・。
ベットには1時くらいに入ったけど、寝付けなかったんですよね。
はぁ・・・。眠いです。

----------
☆Lesson97
Do you think it's polite to speak loudly in a restaurant?
No, I don't think it's polite to speak loudly in a restaurant, but I think it's impolite.
Do you like eating in a restaurant?
Yes, I like eating in a restaurant.
Why?
Because I don't have to prepare for my dinner.
Which is the most famous restaurant in your town?
The most famous restaurant in my town is McDonald's.
What do we call a person who brings us food in a restaurant?
We call a person who brings us food in a restaurant a waiter.
Do you think the job of a waiter is interesting?
No, I don't think the job of a waiter is interesting, but I think it's boring for me.
Why not?
Because the job of a waiter is too hard.
Do you think all waiters should wear suits?
No, I don't think all waiters should wear suits, but some should and some shouldn't.
Why not?
I think their clothes should depend on the kind of restaurant they work at.
関連記事

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iTalk DME Kids #211 Lesson96

iTalk DME Kids #211
J先生
BOOK5 Lesson96

ちょっとお久しぶりJ先生。
フィリピン訛りがどういうものなのかはわからないのだけど、今日の先生は、滑舌か訛りなのか、少し聞き取りにくいのです。いろんな英語を聞く訓練になるかなぁ。

1月は(も?) 予約争奪戦に負けて、ことごとくいつもの先生のレッスンを予約出来てません。。。朝レッスンは先生が少ないんだよね…。

今日ははやく帰ってこれる予定なので、しっかり復習しようと思います。

-----
Loud: 〈声・音などが〉高い, 大声の, 音が高い
Are you listening to me?
Yes, I’m listening to you.
Am I speaking loud enough?
Yes, you’re speaking loud enough.
Can you hear me well?
Yes, I can hear you well.
When you can’t hear somebody well, because they don’t speak loud enough, what do you do?
When I can’t hear somebody well, because they don’t speak loud enough, I ask them to repeat.
Can you grandparents hear well?
No, my grandparents can’t hear well, but they hear badly.
Do you like listening to loud music?
Yes, I like listening to loud music.
What must we do if somebody can’t hear us well?
If somebody can’t hear us well, we must speak loud.
Is it possible to play the piano well if we hear badly?
No, it isn’t possible to the play piano well if we hear badly.

Shout at: 怒鳴る
Hardly: ほとんど…でない[しない]
hardly は余裕がまったくないことを表わし,ほとんど否定の意味に近い
I can hardly believe it. ほとんど信じられない.

Can old people hardly stand loud music?
Yes, old people can hardly stand loud music.
Did your parents let you listen to very loud music last year?
Yes, my parents let me listen to very loud music last year.
Did your mum let you eat many sweets when you were a little child?
No, my mum let me eat many sweets when I was a little child.
Did your parents let you buy anything last year?
Yes, my parents let me buy something last year.
Did you sometimes let other children play with your toys when you were a child?
Yes, I sometimes let other children play with my toys when I was a child.
Do you sometimes shout at friends?
Yes, I sometimes shout at my friends.
When do you shout at them?
I shout at them when they do something wrong.
Should you shout at your parents or people you don’t know?
No, I shouldn’t I shout at my parents or people I don’t know.
Why? Because it’s very impolite.
When we shout at a dog, do you think it understand we are saying?
No, when we shout at a dog, it doesn’t understand we are saying, but it feels that we are angry.
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iTalk DME Kids #210 Lesson95-96

iTalk DME Kids #210
E先生
BOOK5 Lesson95-96

DME開始から少ししてはじめた朝英語も約半年。
大の苦手な朝の時間は、1分でも寝てたい私…なんとか続けられてますが、いつもギリギリで、メイクしてないとか、スエットのままとか。
昨日が新年初の朝レッスンでしたが、今日もギリギリで生きてます。

How are you?
もうホント眠くて… 昨日に続き I'm still sleepy.
と答えてしまった(⌒-⌒; )

いつもレッスン後に、その日のうちにディクテーションやってるのだけど、それも出来ておりません…。来週から仕事の内容が変わるので、少し忙しくなりそうだから、どうやって日常に英語を取り入れるか考えないとです。せっかく半年続いた朝英語なので、これはこのまま続けたいけど、予習復習に時間を割けないなら、ペースダウンした方がいいかもしれないよね。

-----
☆Lesson96
Write down: 〈…を〉書き留める, 記録する.
Avoid: 〈人・ものなどを〉(意識的または意図的に)避ける, よける, 回避する
Way: やり方, 手段
What’s the best way to remember about somebody’s birthday?
The best way to remember about somebody’s birthday is to write it down in a diary.
Do some pupils forget to do their homework if they don’t write it down?
Yes, some pupils forget to do their homework if they don’t write it down.
What’s the best way to avoid accidents on the roads?
The best way to avoid accidents on the roads is to drive carefully.
What’s the best way to avoid making many mistakes in your dictations?
The best way to avoid making many mistakes in my dictations is to read a lot and write carefully.
What’s the best way to avoid catching a cold?
The best way to avoid catching a cold is to wear worm clothes and to eat healthy foods.
Does your mum avoid supermarkets on Saturdays?
No, my mum doesn’t avoid supermarkets on Saturdays.
Will we remember to buy everything we need in a supermarket if we make a shopping list?
Yes, we’ll remember to buy everything we need in a supermarket if we make a shopping list.
If a boy is afraid of dogs, will he avoid them?
Yes, if a boy is afraid of dogs, he will avoid them.
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iTalk DME Kids #209 Lesson95

iTalk DME Kids #209
E先生
BOOK5 Lesson95

仕事始めの朝。
久しぶりに早起きして出勤前の朝レッスンしたら、ボロボロだったよ^_^;

今朝はまだ眠い。
昨日はよく眠れなかったから。
一週間ぶりにはやく起きたよ。

って伝えたかったんだけど、
辞書で調べた"一週間ぶり"のフレーズ。
after a week がうまく伝わらなった。
「~ぶり」の言い方
これではダメなのかな?

「最後にはやく起きたのは一週間前だよ」 と言って何とか伝えました。


-----
"Do you remember how old you were when you rode a bike for the first time?"
あなたがはじめてバイクに乗った年齢を覚えてる?

このフレーズ、なぜ疑問文にならないのか不思議でした。
"DO YOU REMEMBER HOW OLD WERE YOU~" ← 赤字の部分

調べてみたら、関節疑問文という構文があるんですねー!

When will he come? 彼はいつ来るの?
という疑問文を文章の一部として使う時
→ I don't know when he will come?
私は、「彼がいつ来るのか」知らない。

関節疑問文では、疑問詞の後は平叙文となるのだそうです。


こんなの学生時代に習ったかしら^_^;
でも、これで覚えるかな~。

-----
☆Lesson95
Do you think it’s a good idea to live in the country side nowadays?
Yes, I think it’s a good idea to live in the country side nowadays.
Do you think it’s an excellent idea to go to the seaside for your summer holidays?
Yes, I think it’s an excellent idea to go to the seaside for my summer holidays.
Do you think that putting money into a piggy bank is an excellent way of saving money?
Yes, I think that putting money into a piggy bank is an excellent way of saving money.
Do you know the way to your favorite cinema from here?
Yes, I know the way to my favorite cinema from here.
Do you know your way home well?
Yes, I know my way home very well.
Which do you think the noisiest means of transport in the world?
I think a plane is the noisiest means of transport in the world.

on my way (to) ~:~に行く途中
Can you get some beers on your way home?
帰り道にビールを買ってきてくれる?
I'm on my way.
いま向かってます。

Means: 名詞[単数・複数扱い]〔…する/…の〕方法, 手段〔to do/of, for, to〕
Mean: 動詞〈語句・記号などが〉〈…の〉意味を表わす

Do your friends always remember about your birthday?
No, my friends don’t always remember about my birthday.
Did you remember the names of all the pupils in the classroom last lesson?
No, I didn’t remember the names of all the pupils in the classroom last lesson.
Do you remember how old you were when you rode a bike for the first time?
Yes, I remember how old I was when I rode a bike for the first time.
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iTalk DME Kids #207-208 Lesson94-95

iTalk DME Kids #207-208
E先生
BOOK5 Lesson94-95


if には、「もしも~ならば」以外にも「~かどうか」という意味もあるんですね。
少し前のレッスンにも出てきて、どうしてここで IF? と思っていたけど、スルーしちゃってました。
今日のレッスンでも IF節が出てきたので、調べました。

Do you know if your mum kept a diary when she was a young girl?
あなたのお母さんが少女のころ日記を書いていたかどうか知っていますか?
People didn't know if the balloon was safe enough for them to travel.
人々は、気球が彼らの移動に十分安全であるかどうか知りませんでした。


今日のフリートークでは、仕事始めのことを話してみました。
Tomorrow is the first BUSINESS day of the year.
I will come to work.
So I must get up early tomorrow.
I feel NERVOUS!!!

長かったお休みも終わり、明日から仕事
すっかり夜型になったので、朝起きられるかな (>_<)

続きを読む »

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iTalk DME Kids #206 Lesson94

iTalk DME Kids #206
E先生
BOOK5 Lesson93-94

新年初のE先生 (*^。^*)
ゆるいウェーブをかけて new hairstyle になってました!
こないだ調べたセンテンスを必死に思い出しながら^^;
頑張って会話してみました~~~。

どうもお母さんにパーマをかけてもらったようです。
お母さんは hairstylist なの?と聞いたら、そうだと言っていました(たぶん)

~~~
レッスンは昨日の復習から。
少ししか復習出来なかったけど、1回でもテキストを見ながら音読しているだけでも違いますね。
レッスンで四苦八苦しながらやったのと、その後の音読で、少しは定着しているようです。
これが数日で消えて言っちゃうんですけどね ^^;
でも、E先生の Again 攻撃で鍛えてもらって、凄くいい刺激になりました (^^)
苦手なDICTATIONは、 Many mistakes ... しっかり復習してね~と言われましたよ。

さ、復習復習っと。

---

続きを読む »

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iTalk DME Kids #204-205 Lesson92-93

iTalk DME Kids #204-205
Cai先生
BOOK5 Lesson92-93

2013年レッスン初め。
年末年始、英語に触れる時間を作れず、すっかり英語モードから遠ざかってました。
レッスン前に予習したけど、もう全然ダメダメで・・・。
しっかり復習しないとですね!

続きを読む »

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2013年の目標

■2012年の振り返り

2012年の勉強時間を集計しました。
合計 164時間44分でした。
(内DME 203コマ/84時間35分)
iPhone の TimeLabel というアプリで記録しています。
このアプリでは、毎月のTOTALは出ますが、年計が出ないのがちょっと残念。



後半はDME KIDS で英語オンリーのオンラインレッスンを開始。
11月にiPhoneデータがぶっ飛んで、一週間分くらい記録がないのですが、それにしても、やっぱり予習復習の時間、インプットの時間が少ないので、今年はもう少しオンライン以外の勉強を頑張りたいと思ってます。

■2013年の目標
ということで、2013年は・・・

・DME KIDS BOOK6 まで完了させる
予定では4月くらい?
その後、BOOK1~6 の3回目をやろうかなと考えてます。
DMEでは、1冊終わる毎に2回目をやってるので、3回目ですが、まだまだ使いこなせないセンテンスがたくさんあると思うから。

・挨拶、質問のレパートリーを増やす
苦手なスモールトークで、ちゃんと会話を理解して、わからなければ質問して、楽しめるようになりたい。
これは、英語のMCを理解する!という目的に近づくはず。

・TOEIC スコア 100点アップ
これは目標というより、勉強した結果として着いてくればいいかなぁという感じ。あくまでも目安です。

・オンライン以外の勉強時間確保
1日10分でも継続できるように頑張ります。

~~~
■番外編 - 意識したい事
オンライン英会話サービスを初めて利用する人が知っておくべき8つのこと~格安英会話サービスを十二分に活用する方法~

↑ これ、とても参考になったので、自分でも意識したい事

・出来なかった時は、自らもう一度と言う。
・わからない単語は、わかるまで聞く。

この二つを意識しようと思います。

そして、
「フリートークに逃げない」
これは、DME レッスンでは、フリートークがかなり少ないので、目標にも書いたように、レッスン開始と終わりのスモールトークを一言二言でも自ら言えるようになる!という事を意識していこうと思ってます。
そのためには、「予習復習する」です。
出来るだけ事前に話題を用意予習して、教わったフレーズを意識して使うようにしたいです。
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